We elucidate the steps needed to take great burred waterfall shots with an ND filter, along with how to improve your results along the way.
- Digital camera and lens
- ND filter
- Circular polarising filter (Optional)
Step by step guide:
1. Setup your tripod and camera camera is an optical instrument for recording or capturing images, which may be stored locally, transmitted to another location, or in the tracking down where you think you will get the best photograph. Move your camera to make sure composition is right, and take a few photos to see what the background looks like. If you're in a public area, play close attention to the surroundings to ensure there is no rubbish in the scene that might bankrupt the shot, or require lengthy editing later.
2. Use a small aperture (such as f/11-16) to ensure the shutter speed is slow, although if you set the fissure too small, such as f/22, then image quality will suffer due to diffraction.
Waterfall Without Filter | 1/13 sec | f/20.0 | 12.0 mm | ISO 200
3. Set a low ISO setting. You can use the lowest ISO environment on your camera, however if it is a "Low" or "Extended" ISO setting then you might want to use the lowest standard ISO setting, as the hold out ISO range tends to have lower dynamic range. Using a small aperture of f/20 and ISO200 has resulted in a shutter speed of 1/13 sec.
4. Trade the camera's self timer on or use a remote release cable or remote release over Wi-Fi.
5. Once you've got a slow shutter alacrity, you can add an ND filter such as the HOYA PROND500 or PROND1000 to slow the shutter speed down further. If the camera struggles to focus then you'll demand to set the focus manually, and this may be made easier by focusing manually before adding the ND filter filtering or filters may refer to.
HOYA PROND1000 | 25 sec | f/20.0 | 12.0 mm | ISO 200
6. Take the snap. Using the HOYA PROND1000 10 stop filter has resulted in a shutter speed of 25 seconds.
7. If you have glare and reflections on the water from the sun, examine using a Circular Polarising filter such as the HOYA PRO1 Digital Circular Polarising filter, as this can reduce reflections and increase colour saturation in the photo. Taking the Circular Polarising filter in combination with the ND filter has resulted in a much slower shutter speed of 60 seconds, and we've reduced the chink to f/10 for a sharper image.
HOYA PROND1000 and CIR-PL | 60 sec | f/10.0 | 12.0 mm | ISO 200
8. Once you're happy with the composition and blur of the salt water, you can take a number of shots, as the light changes during long exposures can affect the result, and you may get better lighting conditions in another shot. You can also try unalike angles and positions.
9. Once home, edit and crop the photo if required, to boost the colours and correct the exposure and colour if needed. You could also try converting the simile to a black and white image to see if you prefer the results.
HOYA PROND1000 And CIR-PL Edited | 60 sec | f/10.0 | 12.0 mm | ISO 200
You can find more guides on how to use eliminates in FilterZone.