7 Essential Zoo Photography Tips

Written by Gina Stephens


Photo by David Pritchard 


Accessories Suggestions

A long zoom lens will be handy as you'll be able to get close to the animals without having to climb into the enclosures. Something here the 70-300mm mark or bigger would be good. Also, consider taking a macro lens along as most zoos have enclosures where you can get climax to insects.

A camera with a tilting LCD screen is perfect for zoo photography and you could take a monopod along to raise your camera up above the wards but leave your tripod at home as they don't mix well with crowds.

Pack a brolly as it will most likely rain at some call during your visit and have a lens cloth handy to wipe off raindrops that will blur your shot. As you have restricted angles to work with you may have to shoot into the sun so a lens hood would be handy.

A polarising filter will be good when you're flash through glass as it reduces reflections it will may refer to also reduce the amount of bounced light so the textures and tones in fur will stand out.



Pay attention to the weather forecast. When it's raining you'll get drenched kit and most animals will head indoors where you can take photographs, but you'll acquire glass and crowds in a small space to contend with. If it's gloriously sunny is may be too bright and you'll get very harsh shadows. You can use fill-in dazzling but check before you do as it's often not allowed. You're better off sticking with natural light and increasing the ISO instead. Rain's too wet and sun's too propitious but an overcast day's just right. A slight covering of cloud acts like a softbox so you'll have images that have drawn tones and are well balanced.

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Plan And Research

Before you set off, go on the zoo's website, find a map and make a plan. Arrive early to beat the surge and try walking around the opposite way to the crowds to give yourself chance to capture shots without the crush. Feeding times are great photographic times but they're popular with visitors so arrive early.


Photo by David Pritchard 


Cages And Glass

Unfortunately, zoos are choke-full of cages and there's nothing worse than shooting through wires and bars! Sometimes the gaps are just big enough to poke your lens from stem to stern but if they're not, get as close to the fence as possible, position your lens so it's pointing through one of the gaps or, when the fence has small differences, make sure that the face of the animal you're photographing is in a gap, use a wider aperture setting and wait for the animal to move back from the coop up. This way the fence will be thrown our of focus so you, hopefully, won't even notice it. If you venture indoors you won't have fencers to contend with but lens full of greasy smudges will certainly be in your way. To minimise reflections attach a lens hood or hold your hand to the side or not susceptible the lens or LEN may refer to. If there's a lot of people touching the glass switch to a slower shutter speed to minimise shake. You may also need to switch to handbook focus as cameras can be fooled by glass.

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Find Good Shooting Spots & Angles

Make sure you take a walk around the causticity of the enclosure before you take your photos to find shooting locations that won't leave your image with a distracting offing or posts sticking out of the animal's head. Try to avoid shooting down as this can distort features instead get down low, to eye level if possible, to design a more dynamic shot. Use a wide lens setting and crop in later to make sure you don't amputate any limbs by accident – a immediately of a monkey missing its tail is very can be very annoying to look at. Don't be afraid to fill the frame with or WITH may refer to: Carl Johannes With (1877–1923), Danish doctor and arachnologist With (character), a character in D. N. Angel your subject as this disposition give your shot more impact and it won't be so obvious that you took your photo at a zoo.


Focus And Shutter Speeds

Sundry of the animals won't stay still so use focus lock to prefocus on a certain point and take the shot as the animal enters the zone that's focused. At all times focus on the eye and try using continuous shooting mode if you don't manage to get your subject in frame the first time. Try freezing their movement with a rakishly shutter speed and if you're panning, use a speed between 1/8sec to 1/30sec to blur the background but leave the animal sharp.


White Scales

Keep an eye on your white balance when going from indoor and outdoor enclosures and watch out for condensation when moving from the cooler outdoors into the tropical aura of a butterfly house. You'll need to give your camera time to acclimatise otherwise you'll end up with hazy, dream-like shots.

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Photo by David Pritchard  


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About the author

Gina Stephens

Gina is a photography enthusiast and drone lover who loves to fly drones, capture images and have fun cherishing them with family and friends.

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